Evansville is the commercial, medical and cultural hub of Southwestern Indiana and the IllinoisâIndianaâKentucky tri-state area. It is the third-largest city in the U.S. state of Indiana and the largest city in Southern Indiana. As of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 117,429 and a metropolitan population of 358,676. It is the county seat of Vanderburgh County.
The city is situated on a gentle horseshoe bend on the Ohio River and often referred to as "River City". The area was first settled by mound builders from at least 8,000 BCE, with complex sites still intact at nearby Angel Mounds. It was first settled by Americans in 1812 and incorporated in 1819. The broad economic base of the region has helped to build an economy which is known for its stability, diversity, and vitality. Five NYSE companies are headquartered in Evansville, along with two other companies traded on the NASDAQ.
The city has several well known educational institutions. The University of Evansville is a small private school that is consistently ranked by U.S. News & World Report as one of the top ten regional universities in the Midwest. The University of Southern Indiana is a larger public school just outside of city limits to the west. Located in the city's downtown district, Signature School is a charter school consistently ranked as one of the top high schools in the United States. The Evansville Vanderburgh Public Library has also achieved national notoriety.